At L&M Tree Services Ltd we offer a full, comprehensive range of services to fit your requirements.

Our approach is:
We listen carefully to your problems and can help you to choose the right pruning method to suit your needs. Our expert arboriculturalists at L&M Tree Services will guide you through your options and ensure we design a spec that whilst having the trees health at the forefront of our minds, will also meet your requirements.


Our range of pruning services consist of the following types below:

Formative Pruning

Formative pruning is usually carried out on young or newly planted trees. Often, trees straight out of the nursery stock hold several defects that if left un treated, will hamper they're mature adult life and may become a tree health issue resulting in a major, expensive procedure. By removing these hazards at a young age, this gives the tree a better chance of compartmentalising the wound and maturing into a healthy, large specimen. Several smaller wounds, are better than one large wound.

Formative Pruning

Case Study | Fruit Trees


Formative Pruning

These fruit trees are located within a local school. After pruning, these little trees can mature with fewer defects and potential hazard branches. In this case, it allows better access for mowers and weed control.

Tree species: Apple Tree

Job Time: 1 days work

Crown Reduction

Crown reduction alleviates biomechanical stress by reducing both the leverage and the sail area of the tree, and can allow retention of a tree in a confined space. It can also be used to create a desired appearance or to make the tree more suited to its surroundings. Unlike topping, it retains the main framework of the crown and therefore a high proportion of the foliage-bearing structure, which is importantfor the maintenance of vitality. Not all species or individual trees are appropriate candidates for reduction. (BS3998:2010)

Crown Reduction - Alder Tree

Case Study | Willow Tree


This willow tree is located within a the grounds of a commercial premisses. It was becoming a problem for HGV’s, forcing them to use the wrong side of the road. We were contracted to reduce the tree as a whole to create balanced crown shape rather than removing isolated branches.

Work Required: 1 Willow Tree

Job Time: 1 days work

Crown Reduction - Beech Tree

Case Study | Beech Tree


Sneyd Park

Reduce height of tree by up to 2 meters and reduce sides by unto 3 meters to balance canopy.

Unfortunately the tree had a number of weak unions at its base. We reduced the canopy to lessen the weight and wind loads on these unions to prevent stem failure.

Tree Species: Beech Tree (Fagus sylvatica)

Job Time: 1 days work

Crown Reduction - Vet Oak Tree

Case Study | Veteran Oak


This Veteran Oak tree is located within a private garden. Veteran trees require bespoke care to fulfil the needs of the tree. In this case, the tree has extensive decay in the main fork and the tree if left unmanaged will eventually split apart in half. To manage this and prolong the integrity of the tree we carried out a 10% tip prune all over with a further 10% to an isolated, ‘weakly’ attached limb. The aim is to promote more leaf cover in the lower canopy which in years to come will eventually form the ‘outer’ crown - with no stem failure.

Work Required: 1 large Oak Tree

Job Time: 1 days work

Crown Reduction - Poplar Tree

Case Study | Poplar Tree



Crown reduce tree by upto 3 meters

Our Client was concerned that this tree was becoming too big for the garden and was worried about its safety. After an initial consultation it was decided that we would reduce the tree sympathetically to obtain a nice shape but also keep the tree healthy and safe

Tree Species: White Poplar (Populus alba)

Job Time: 1 days work

Crown Reduction - Mulberry Tree

Case Study | Mulberry Tree


This Mulberry tree is located within a private garden. The tree was getting too big for the garden and it was effecting the direct sunlight into the neighbouring garden. We carried out a Crown Reduction of unto 1.5m to reshape and manage the tree.

Tree Species: 1 Mulberry Tree

Job Time: 1 days work

Crown Reduction - Beech Tree

Case Study | Eucalyptus


This Eucalyptus tree is located within a private garden. This tree had an 'compression fork' at the base of the 2 main stems. A 'compression fork' is created when 2 or more stems grow tightly together. They have a clear characteristic of a 'Y'. The top side of the union has a very steep angle and there is a visible ‘line’, often ribbed, running vertically down from the centre of the union. At this point, the stems have not usually bonded together and can push away from each other. The result can be one of the stems failing and splitting out.

In this instance, we reduce the height and width of the crown to reduce the weight & 'lever' effect acting on the union.

Tree Species: Eucalyptus Tree

Job Time: 1 days work

Crown Reduction - Beech, Tulip and Sweet Chestnut Tree

Case Study | Beech, Tulip & Sweet Chestnut


These 3 trees are located within a private garden. Due to the proximity of the property to these trees, the owner wants to manage the trees at their current height. We have been managing these trees since 2004 with pruning works being carried out every 4 yrs.

Tree Species: Beech, Tulip & Sweet Chestnut Trees

Job Time: Continuous Management, total of 4 years plus to date

Crown Reduction - Cedar Tree

Case Study | Cedar Tree



Tree Species: Cedar Tree

Job Time: 1 days work

Crown Thinning

In crown thinning, an even density of foliage should be retained throughout a well-spaced and balanced branch structure which could, if required, provide an adequate framework for a possible future crown reduction. (BS3998:2010)

Crown Thinning - Birch

Case Study | Birch Tree


This Birch tree is located within a private garden. The owner wanted more light in their garden without altering the size of the tree. Crown Thinning removes part of the crown with out altering the overall size and shape of the tree. Carried out correctly, This allows ‘dappled’ sunlight through the canopy and can also diffuse strong winds rather than trying to stop them.

Tree Species: Birch

Job Time: 1 days work

Crown Lifting

Crown lifting involves pruning to achieve a desired vertical clearance above ground level or other surface. This is sometimes necessary to facilitate site usage. (BS3998:2010)

Crown Lift

Case Study | Merchants Primary School


Merhants Primary School

Raise tree canopy to 2 meters in height to allow mowers under tree.

Lawn mowers weren't able to cut the grass under the tree canopies because of the low branches. We removed the offending branches to allow the mowers under whilst keeping a uniform tree.

Work Required: Crown Lift

Job Time: 1/2 Hour

Crown Lift - Alder

Case Study | City Academy


City Academy

This row of Alder trees are located within a school. This row of trees is planted along the edge of a carpark. The tree’s lower branches were becoming a nuisance to the carpark users. The trees were Crown Lifted to 2.5m to rectify the issue.

Work Required: Crown Lift

Job Time: 5 Hours

Crown Clean

Cleaning involves removing dead and diseased wood as well as any weak branches, crossing or hanging growth. We normally include this as part of a crown thin or crown reduction to ensure you are left with a cleaner, healthier tree.

Isolate Branch Pruning

In specific locations, a single branch or a small group of branches can effect its immediate environment.

These include:

  • Cutting back from adjacent Buildings.
  • Roof Tops & Guttering.
  • Pruning back from Street Lights.
  • CCTV sight lines.
  • Utility Cables, antennas and satellite dishes.
  • Access Routes / Fire Exit Routes.


Pollarding a tree is the removal of all the smaller growth to leave a framework of larger branches with no leaf matter. This practice is not suitable for mature trees that has never been subjected to Pollarding, as large wounds all over it could be fatal. Once Pollarding is introduced to a tree, it is usually carried out annually or bi-annually to develop a pollard head on each branch where the majority of new growth will sprout from. This method is best used on trees that may have outgrown they're immediate space or trees that require periodic pruning for health reasons.

Pollarding - Blagdon

Case Study | Blagdon Lake


Blagdon Lake, Bristol

This row of Lime trees are located within the grounds of Blagdon Fisheries. The owner wanted a re-pollard carried out to the tree in the foreground and a lower pollard to the trees near the building.

Tree Species: Lime

Job Time: 2 days work


Case Study | Dupont Office Buildings


Dupont Office Buildings

This row of Alder trees are located within the grounds of Commercial Offices. These trees were pollarded many years ago and have missed a re-pollard. If left, the regrowth from a pollarded tree can become too heavy and fail due to the poorly attached union. If Pollarding has been chosen for the management of a tree, it is important that it is re-pollarded within the recommended timescale to prevent branch failure.

Tree Species: Alder

Job Time: 5 days work


Case Study | Weston College


Weston College

This row of Willow trees are located within the grounds of Weston College. These trees were pollarded many years ago and have missed a re-pollard. Parts of the regrowth from a pollarded tree had become too heavy and failed due to the poorly attached union and fell into an unoccupied parking bay. These are will go onto a re-pollard cycle of 4yrs.

Tree Species: Willow

Job Time: 1 days work

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